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Land Use Classification and Change Detection Using Multi-temporal Landsat Imagery in Sulaimaniyah Governorate, Iraq: IEREK Interdisciplinary Series for Sustainable Development

By May 12, 2022June 29th, 2022Research

Author: Karwan Alkaradaghi, Salahalddin S. Ali, Nadhir Al-Ansari & Jan Laue

Author contact: Nadhir Al-Ansari
Lulea University of Technology, 97187, Lulea, Sweden

Publisher: Springer

Place: Sulaymaniyah/KR


Rapid growth in urbanized areas is a worldwide phenomenon. The rate of urban growth is very fast in developing countries like Iraq. This study illustrated urbanized area development in Sulaimaniyah Governorate from 2001 to 2017 using different Landsat imagery, Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Landsat Operational Land Imager (OLI). The Environment for visualizing images ENVI 5.3 and GIS software was utilized for image pre-processing, calibration and classification. The Maximum likelihood method was used in the accurately extracted solution information from geospatial Landsat satellite imagery of different periods. The Landsat images from the study area were categorized into six different classes. These are: forest, vegetation, rock, soil, built up and water body. Land cover variation and land use change detection in the area were calculated for over a 17 year period. The Change detection Analysis shows an explosive demographic shift in the urban area with a record of +8.99% which is equivalent to 51.80 km2 over a 17 years period and the vegetation area increased with 214 km2. On the other hand, soil area was reduced by 257.87 km2. This work will help urban planners in the future development of the city.

Cite this article

Alkaradaghi, K., Ali, S.S., Al-Ansari, N. and Laue, J., 2018, November. Land use classification and change detection using multi-temporal Landsat imagery in Sulaimaniyah Governorate, Iraq. In Conference of the Arabian Journal of Geosciences (pp. 117-120). Springer, Cham.

Issue date: 30 December 2018

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